Introduction and conclusion are parts of a thesis that are always paid attention to in defense. These are the sections in which scientific leaders are most thoroughly read, they make many adjustments.
How to write an introduction
The introduction is a cursory presentation of your thesis, a description of the main points. When writing, the following aspects should be addressed:
Relevance and scientific novelty. Your project must necessarily have a direct relationship to modern science, this should not be a study on the topic, on which many scientists have already worked. Therefore, it is advisable to discuss this point with the supervisor, he will make adjustments in time.
Object and subject. The subject is a specific aspect to which you dedicate your research. An object is a broader concept that includes the functioning of a topic in other industries, for example.
Targets and goals. Do not try to embrace the immense – the thesis has a clearly limited framework, it is inexpedient and incompetent to consider a lot of questions in it. There should be a maximum of 5 goals, then a conclusion will be built on them.
Research methods. This item depends on what kind of science you study – humanitarian or natural. Each subject has its own specific methodology: for example, linguistics may include a method of super-segment analysis, which is not found in the research of historians.
In the introduction, you must provide a list of researchers who paid attention to your question. All surnames are arranged either in alphabetical order or according to the degree of significance of the scientific contribution (this factor can cause a lot of questions, therefore it is better to arrange it in alphabetical order). It is necessary to outline the structure of your work, indicate what served as the research material, substantiate the choice of material (in part this seems to be relevant).
Be sure to follow the style of speech – it must be scientific. Avoid any interspersions of vernacular and slang, otherwise the commission on the defense will mark your incompetence and inability to express your point of view.
How to write a conclusion
The conclusion is all the conclusions you came to during the writing of the work. They need to be correctly submitted, drawn up and clearly presented – they must be read by a commission on defense.
Writing rules can be represented as follows:
The conclusion is the mirror image of the introduction. Conclusions should be formulated according to the goals and objectives set initially. If you do not take into account this factor, it may seem that you have not paid enough attention to your project.
Structure your conclusions clearly and decide how your research went – from general to specific or vice versa. Describe the patterns that you identified, in general terms, present the classifications that you compiled.
It is very good when you wrote small conclusions regarding the main aspects to each section of the work. With such a database, it will be easier for you to write a conclusion – they need to be grouped, select the main one and write about it.
Do not be lazy to reread the introduction and conclusion several times – these are the sections that receive much attention on protection. If grammatical and factual errors, typographical errors, problems with punctuation can be overlooked in the main part, then they will definitely be paid attention to. Avoid familiarity in the wording, specify the names and patronymic of scientists (this is mandatory for successful defense), do not allow the use of the personal pronoun “I”, only “We” or any impersonal forms are allowed.